Black History Month

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Black History Month

Yasmin Vizguerra, Editor

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   Black history month is an annual celebration in the month of February. It celebrates African-American history. 

      Every year since 1976, the President of the United States has officially designated the month of February as Black history month.

      It’s celebrated in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, and the Netherlands. 

     The father of black history month is Dr. Carter G. Woodson, who was born in 1875, son to former slaves. He established a month-whole celebration commemorating the achievements of African-Americans.

      The entire month, tributes to African American men and women are celebrated over their contributions in the fields of science, politics, law, sports, the arts, entertainment, and many more.

      Prominent figures of black history months include Martin Luther King Jr., Harriet Tubman, Rosa Parks, Muhammed Ali, Jackie Robinson, Maya Angelou, former President Barack Obama, and countless others who’ve created history. 

     The beginning of Black History month starts in 1915, half a century after the 13th amendment abolished slavery.

     That September, Harvard-trained historian Woodson and minister Jesse E. Moorland founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (ASNLH), an organization dedicated to researching and promoting achievements by African Americans and those of African descent. 

      The organization sponsored a national “Negro History Week” in 1926, to coincide with Abraham Lincoln and Fedrick Douglass’ birthdays. The event inspired schools, communities, and organizations across the country to celebrate by establishing history clubs, hosting performances and lectures.

      By the 1960s, more and more people every year recognized the celebration, the awareness by that time growing of the black identity.

      The theme of the 2020 Black History Month is “African American and their vote,” honoring the 100 year anniversary of the 19th amendment (1920) giving women sufferage rights and the 15th amendment (1870) that gave African American men the right to vote.